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EL ULTIMO EMPERADOR Autobiografia del hombre que perdio el Trono Imperial Chino

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La figura de Pu Yi, último monarca de China, es una de las más contradictorias de la historia contemporánea. Nacido en la corte de Pekín, emperador a la edad de dos años, fue depuesto y tuvo que huir a Tientsin, donde vivió la amargura del exilio hasta que el ejército de invasión japonés le convirtió durante unos años en emperador de Manchukúo. Tras la paz de 1945 cayó pri La figura de Pu Yi, último monarca de China, es una de las más contradictorias de la historia contemporánea. Nacido en la corte de Pekín, emperador a la edad de dos años, fue depuesto y tuvo que huir a Tientsin, donde vivió la amargura del exilio hasta que el ejército de invasión japonés le convirtió durante unos años en emperador de Manchukúo. Tras la paz de 1945 cayó prisionero de los chinos. Reeducado psicológicamente, el antiguo soberano se convirtió en un súbdito de Mao.


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La figura de Pu Yi, último monarca de China, es una de las más contradictorias de la historia contemporánea. Nacido en la corte de Pekín, emperador a la edad de dos años, fue depuesto y tuvo que huir a Tientsin, donde vivió la amargura del exilio hasta que el ejército de invasión japonés le convirtió durante unos años en emperador de Manchukúo. Tras la paz de 1945 cayó pri La figura de Pu Yi, último monarca de China, es una de las más contradictorias de la historia contemporánea. Nacido en la corte de Pekín, emperador a la edad de dos años, fue depuesto y tuvo que huir a Tientsin, donde vivió la amargura del exilio hasta que el ejército de invasión japonés le convirtió durante unos años en emperador de Manchukúo. Tras la paz de 1945 cayó prisionero de los chinos. Reeducado psicológicamente, el antiguo soberano se convirtió en un súbdito de Mao.

30 review for EL ULTIMO EMPERADOR Autobiografia del hombre que perdio el Trono Imperial Chino

  1. 5 out of 5

    Pearl

    Ever since watching "The Last Emperor," I've kind of been obsessed with court life in imperial China, so I decided to read about it straight from the horse's mouth in this autobiography by China's last emperor, PuYi. Sure, the ridiculously opulent palace lifestyle was fascinating, and his descriptions of empress/tyrant Tzi Chi entertainingly creepy, but PuYi's fall from absolute power was even more gripping. This was a man who had complete control over millions of people, lost it during the revo Ever since watching "The Last Emperor," I've kind of been obsessed with court life in imperial China, so I decided to read about it straight from the horse's mouth in this autobiography by China's last emperor, PuYi. Sure, the ridiculously opulent palace lifestyle was fascinating, and his descriptions of empress/tyrant Tzi Chi entertainingly creepy, but PuYi's fall from absolute power was even more gripping. This was a man who had complete control over millions of people, lost it during the revolution of 1911, and foolishly tried to gain it back in vain. It's impressive how someone with such entitlement could eventually write with such honesty and humility. In one chapter, for instance, he admits, "Although I had many [court] mothers, I never knew a mother's love." I really felt for him - for someone so powerful, he never received the most basic form of human care.

  2. 4 out of 5

    top.

    โครตเหนื่อย ตัวละครเยอะ บวกด้วยการเล่าเรื่องย้อนไปมา และการจำชื่อจีนไม่ได้เลยของเรา ทำให้อ่านช้ามาก อัตชีวประวัติของฟู่อี้ หรือปูยีใน The Last Emperor (1987) สรุปสั้นๆ ว่าตอนท้ายไม่ว่างโหวงดราม่าเท่ากับในหนัง ปูยีเล่มนี้ดูมีเหตุมีผลและเป็นคนมากขึ้น เราจะได้ทราบรายละเอียดหลายๆ ช่วงชีวิตของเค้า ที่น่าสนใจสุดก็คือช่วงสุดท้าย-ที่เหมือนถูกจับมือเขียน (แม้ส่วนตัวจะชอบเวลาเค้าเม้าท์เรื่องความฟู่ฟ่าในวังมากกว่าก็เถอะ) ซึ่งก็พาสงสัยเหมือนกันว่าเนื้อความในเรื่องจะเป็นความจริงสักระดับไหนกันถ้ามันถูกเขียนใน โครตเหนื่อย ตัวละครเยอะ บวกด้วยการเล่าเรื่องย้อนไปมา และการจำชื่อจีนไม่ได้เลยของเรา ทำให้อ่านช้ามาก อัตชีวประวัติของฟู่อี้ หรือปูยีใน The Last Emperor (1987) สรุปสั้นๆ ว่าตอนท้ายไม่ว่างโหวงดราม่าเท่ากับในหนัง ปูยีเล่มนี้ดูมีเหตุมีผลและเป็นคนมากขึ้น เราจะได้ทราบรายละเอียดหลายๆ ช่วงชีวิตของเค้า ที่น่าสนใจสุดก็คือช่วงสุดท้าย-ที่เหมือนถูกจับมือเขียน (แม้ส่วนตัวจะชอบเวลาเค้าเม้าท์เรื่องความฟู่ฟ่าในวังมากกว่าก็เถอะ) ซึ่งก็พาสงสัยเหมือนกันว่าเนื้อความในเรื่องจะเป็นความจริงสักระดับไหนกันถ้ามันถูกเขียนในมุมมองของตัวเองเช่นนี้ ตอนแรกก็มีคิดจะไปหาเล่มอื่นมาอ่านประกอบ แต่ดูๆ แล้วคงบาย ถ้าชื่อจีนจะสะกดให้อ่านยากและไม่เหมือนกันได้อีก (พร้อมคำผิดบานตะไทเหมือนในเล่มนี้)

  3. 4 out of 5

    Truly

    Seorang lelaki tua berkaca mata dengan perawaan kurus berjalan tertatih-tatih menuju sebuah singgasana kerajaan yang ditutupi kain merah. Lelaki tua itu memandangi kursi dengan penuh perasaan, lalu perlahan mendekati kursi, nyaris melewati tanda dilarang mendekat setelah sebelumnya menengokkan kepala ke kanan dan kiri memastikan tidak ada seorang pun yang memperhatikan dirinya. Tiba-tiba seorang anak kecil berseru memanggil dirinya, lebih tepatnya memanggil ”Kakek” Anak kecil itu memberitahukan b Seorang lelaki tua berkaca mata dengan perawaan kurus berjalan tertatih-tatih menuju sebuah singgasana kerajaan yang ditutupi kain merah. Lelaki tua itu memandangi kursi dengan penuh perasaan, lalu perlahan mendekati kursi, nyaris melewati tanda dilarang mendekat setelah sebelumnya menengokkan kepala ke kanan dan kiri memastikan tidak ada seorang pun yang memperhatikan dirinya. Tiba-tiba seorang anak kecil berseru memanggil dirinya, lebih tepatnya memanggil ”Kakek” Anak kecil itu memberitahukan bahwa ia dilarang melewati batas yang sudah ditentukan. Lelaki tua itu tertawa dan menjawab kalau dahulu ia pernah duduk di kursi itu. Sebagai bukti, lelaki tua itu mengatakan bahwa dahulu ia pernah menyembunyikan sebuah bambu berisi jangkrik di balik bantal yang tersusun sebagai alas di kursi tersebut. Sudah pasti si anak kecil tidak mempercayainya. Untuk membuktikan ucapannya, lelaki tua berkaca mata itu merogoh ke balik bantal yang diletakkan disana. Saat menarik tangannya, terlihat sebuah bambu berisi jangkrik yang mengeluarkan suara. Diberikannya bambu tersebut ke anak kecil yang memandangnya dengan takjub! Sepenggal adegan dari Film The Last Emperor membekas di benak saya hingga saat ini. Mungkin adegannya tidak tepat begitu, namun itulah yang terekam di ingatan saya. Pandangan syahdu lelaki tua berkaca mata kearah singgasana sungguh menyayat hati. Lelaki tua berkaca mata tidak lain adalah Kaisar Pu Yi, kaisar terakhir di Negeri Cina. Untuk sekian lama saya masih terpana dengan jangkrik yang mampu mengeluarkan suara padahal saat itu pagi/siang hari. Maklum sebagai anak yang besar di kota saya hanya tahu kalau jangkrik berbunyi di malam hari. Tidak mengerti kalau ada cara untuk membuat jangkrik berbunyi. Yang ada di kepala saya, adalah perasaan kagum, hebat sekali lelaki tua itu! Buku ini merupakan Autobiografi Henry Pu Yi (7 Februari 1906 - 17 Oktober 1967) kaisar kedua belas dinasti Qing , yang juga kaisar terakhir Tiongkok. Memerintah dari tahun 1908 sampai 1924. Buku ini terdiri dari enam bagian. Bagian-bagian tersebut berjudul Masa Kanak-kanakku, Masa Mudaku, Pengasinganku, Restorasiku Selama Empat Belas Tahun, Penahananku, serta Hidupku yang Baru. Isinya menceritakan kisah hidup sejak menjadi kaisar ,tukang kebun dan menjadi anggota kongres dan juru bicara bagi masyarakat Manchu. Membaca buku ini membuat saya merasa kasihan sekaligus kagum pada sosok Sang Putra Langit, Kaisar Pu Yi. Saat berusia 2 tahun ia sudah diambil dari keluarganya untuk menjadi kaisar. Bayangkan anak berusia 2 tahun harus mengikuti berbagai macam seremonial yang sangat melelahkan. Dan jika ia menangis, bukan penghiburan yang diperoleh justru omelan yang diperolehnya. Para kasim bahkan sering mendorongnya ke dalam sebuah kamar dan membiarkannya menangis dan menjerit-jerit hingga berhenti sendiri. Pertumbuhan psikologisnya sangat menyedihkan. Ia tidak pernah diajari mana yang benar dan salah. Yang perlu dihormati hanyalah orang-orang tertentu saja. Banyak orang yang melakukan kowtow , tindakan menghormati yang ditunjukkan dengan cara membungkuk begitu rendah hingga kepala menyentuh tanah. Setiap saat, Sang Putra Langit disapa dengan sebutan Yang Mulia, Baginda, sehingga mereka yang tidak menyapanya dengan sebutan tersebut akan dianggap bersikap kurang ajar oleh Sang Putra Langit.Belum lagi sejumlah kenakalan yang dilakukan hanya karena iseng. Walau demikian, hanya sang ibu susu yang mampu ”mengendalikan” Sang Kaisar. Ia mampu memberitahu Kaisar mana yang betul aman yang salah, melarangnya melakukan suatu kenakalan. Untungnya ia bukan wanita yang ambisius, sehingga tidak ada keinginan untuk mengendalikan sang kaisar seperti yang sering dilakukan oleh para ibu susu. Mungkin benar, walau bukan ibu kandung namun air susu mampu mendekatkan seorang ibu dengan anak susunya. Perkenalannya dengan Johnston tutornya dari Inggris memiliki cerita tersendiri. Saat pertama kali bertemu, Sang Putra Langit duduk di singgasana sambil menerima Johnston yang memberikan penghormatan dengan membungkukkan badan lalu mereka bersalaman. Selanjutnya ganti sebagai penghormatan Sang Putra Langit membungkuk memberi hormat kepada sang tutor lalu pelajaran segera dimulai. Johnston tidak hanya menjadi tutor bagi Pu Yi, namun juga mempengaruhinya dalam banyak hal, seperti mencarikan nama asing, berpakaian ala barat, memelihara anjing, mengenal berbagai macam produk barang seperti telepon, berlian, hingga permainan tenis. Pu Yi menganggap tutornya adalah orang barat yang paling pintar. Pu Yi bahkan memotong rambutnya karena mendengar komentar Johnston yang bernada mencela Saat kecil Pu Yi mendapat perlakuan istimewa. Setelah dewasa, kehidupan megahnya justru berakhir dengan mengenaskan. Selama masa tahanan di Rusia, tidak ada pelayanan yang disediakan untuk dirinya. Beruntung masih ada anggota keluarga yang mau melayaninya, mulai dari membersihkan tempat tidur, membawakan makan hingga mencucikan baju. Walau pemerintah memberikannya perlakuan khusus serta memperlakukannya dengan hormat, namun Pu Yi mengalami masa yang sulit karena terbiasa hidup dilayani. Misalnya saja ia kebingungan siapa yang akan membawakan mangkuk nasinya. Maklum selama hidupnya ia hanya tahu beres saja. Untung adik iparnya mau membawakan nasi untuknya juga mencucikan baju. Belakangan walau sudah menyerahkan banyak hartanya untuk menunjukkan itikad baik, Pu Yi tetap harus mencuci dan menambal pakaian serta membetulkan kaca matanya yang rusak sendiri.Bahkan sekarang semua orang hanya memanggil namanya dan dia harus datang saat dipanggil. Penderitaan Pu Yi berakhir pada 4 Desember 1959 saat menerima grasi khusus. Tanggal 9 ia sudah tiba kembali di Bejing, kampung halaman yang selama 35 tahun lebih ditinggalkannya. Ia menikmati kehidupan barunya dengan berjalan-jalan mengelilingi kota, terheran-heran melhat berbagai perubahan yang terjadi. Termasuk saat adiknya memanggil dengan sbutan kakak tertua sebutan yang dahulu tidak kan pernah mereka gunakan. Pada 26 November 1960, Pu Yi menerima sertifikat pemilihan umum dengan nama Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi. Saat itu merupakan saat yang paling membahagiakan bagi dirinya. Saat memberikan suara, ia merasa menjadi orang yang paling kaya di dunia. Apalagi saat ia berhasil membeli sebuah rumah untuk ditinggal bersama istri barunya Li Shu-hsien. Ia tidak akan pernah melupaka perjuangan mendapatkan itu semua. Banyak hal yang menarik juga bisa ditemui dalam buku ini. Misalnya pengetahuan Pu Yi serta kaisar terdahulu terhadap dunia luar justru diperoleh dari Buku Alice in Wonderland . Lalu kehidupan sebuah kekaisaran berikut intrik-intriknya. Kita juga diajak mengetahui berbagai hal, dari kebudayaan, peristiwa sejarah dari sisi mata seorang kaisar yang diturun dengan paksa, serta ilmu pengetahuan ala china. Foto-foto yang disajikan dihalaman belakang kian menambah nilai buku ini. Saat melihat wajah Pu Yi yang berusia 2 tahun dan harus duduk dengan tenang di singgsana, saya jadi melirik keponakan perempuan saya yang berusia kurang dari 2 tahun Dia yang tidak bisa duduk tenang walau sesaat pasti akan mengamuk jika harus duduk manis seperti Pu Yi, apalagi Pu Yi menggenakan baju kebesaran lengkap. Saya kian merasa kasihan sekaligus kagum padanya. Sungguh menyenangkan membaca buku ini, walau seingat saya ada beberapa adegan film yang tidak saya temui dalam buku ini. Namun sepertinya sudah biasa khan sebuah buku saat di filmkan mengalami perubahan demi keindahan tontonan. Yang sedikit mengganjal hanyalah penyebutan nama negara. Misalnya di halaman 310 disebut Rusia Soviet sementara di halaman 311 disebut Soviet. Kutipan dari The Three World Classic menutup buku ini, Saat seseorang dilahirkan Sifatnya pada dasarnya baik Sifat manusia sama Hanya lingkungan yang membuatnya berbeda-beda

  4. 5 out of 5

    Reza Amiri Praramadhan

    After reading this book, I can't help but feeling sorry for Pu Yi. Suddenly thrust into power in the twilight of Qing Empire, I can see that he was ill-prepared for the inevitable end of the Empire. Throughout his childhood, he did not received proper education about what is right and what is wrong (as an ordinary men learn), and his opulent lifestyle also caught him unprepared when he was separated from any privileges he used to have. For example, I don't know whether to laugh or feel sorry whe After reading this book, I can't help but feeling sorry for Pu Yi. Suddenly thrust into power in the twilight of Qing Empire, I can see that he was ill-prepared for the inevitable end of the Empire. Throughout his childhood, he did not received proper education about what is right and what is wrong (as an ordinary men learn), and his opulent lifestyle also caught him unprepared when he was separated from any privileges he used to have. For example, I don't know whether to laugh or feel sorry when he explained that he wasn't used to wash his own clothes, can't button shirts by himself, and was unable to keep himself tidy without help from others. Swayed by the promises of the Japanese, he could not escape the fate of being used as a puppet for Japan's imperial ambitions. In the end, when he lived on as an ordinary, regular citizen of People's Republic of China, he was so disoriented, like when he lost his pocket watch, helped people sweeping streets and ended up forgetting where his house was, and left behind by a public bus for not entering it quick enough. After all, this book is an interesting one, for I get insights about life in the Forbidden City told by the one who actually used to own it, and how an Emperor lived his life. Furthermore the effectiveness of Chinese Communists' brainwashing methods also shown, with people who were used to be loyal to Pu Yi gradually one by one turned their back on him. So sad indeed, to have one life such as Pu Yi's.

  5. 4 out of 5

    Deva

    This is a pretty fascinating journey through China's sometimes brutal transition into modernity. From the machinations of the dying Qing court, to the prison like royal palace of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo, to a communist brain washing center, the reader gets to live vicariously through quite a bit. I'm sure there are even weirder parts of his story that couldn't be told, and his wholehearted enthusiasm for Marxism toward the end of the book cannot be separated from his survival inst This is a pretty fascinating journey through China's sometimes brutal transition into modernity. From the machinations of the dying Qing court, to the prison like royal palace of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo, to a communist brain washing center, the reader gets to live vicariously through quite a bit. I'm sure there are even weirder parts of his story that couldn't be told, and his wholehearted enthusiasm for Marxism toward the end of the book cannot be separated from his survival instinct and the needs of the communist party at the time. But this obsequiousness also fits him completely. Pu Yi was a survivor because of his chameleon like ability to ingratiate himself with any faction. Warlords, monarchists, the Russians, the Japanese and the CCP all saw him as more valuable alive than dead so long as he played the part. Though he was always told he was all powerful and all important, he really seems to have been a prisoner in a gilded cage even from childhood. Perhaps living out his last years as an ordinary man actually was a blessing.

  6. 5 out of 5

    Song

    I've read this book before visiting Pu Yi's Manchukuo palace museum in Changchun, China. With the help from the book's contents, it's a lot of easier to understand the exhibitions in the old Manchukuo palace and its turmoil history. After the book reading and museum visiting, my feeling to Pu Yi is sympathy. As the last emperor of China history, he was stuck in that position forever with Ci Xi Empress's choice. As the man who couldn't choose his own fate at the very beginning, Pu Yi was just a f I've read this book before visiting Pu Yi's Manchukuo palace museum in Changchun, China. With the help from the book's contents, it's a lot of easier to understand the exhibitions in the old Manchukuo palace and its turmoil history. After the book reading and museum visiting, my feeling to Pu Yi is sympathy. As the last emperor of China history, he was stuck in that position forever with Ci Xi Empress's choice. As the man who couldn't choose his own fate at the very beginning, Pu Yi was just a frighten toddler to take over Ching Dynasty's throne. After that, he was the puppet of the powerful Ci Xi Empress, war lords, Imperial Japanese army, Soviet Red Army and Chinese Communist propaganda. I am doubted that Pu Yi had been for himself, even for one day... Pu Yi's tragedies were the results of modern China history and his illusion. He has my deep sympathy.

  7. 4 out of 5

    Aidan Cashman

    Amazing book. Managed to suck me in from the beginning to the end, I wasn't bored for one moment. It was what started a deep fascination with the Qing Dynasty for me. My favorite book ever. Read it, you won't be disappointed. Amazing book. Managed to suck me in from the beginning to the end, I wasn't bored for one moment. It was what started a deep fascination with the Qing Dynasty for me. My favorite book ever. Read it, you won't be disappointed.

  8. 4 out of 5

    Bethany

    You could almost feel the party official standing over his shoulder as he wrote it.

  9. 5 out of 5

    Ondřej Puczok

    Všechno v Zakázaném městě pro mě bylo názornou učební pomůckou. Říká se, že císař Čchien-lung kdysi stanovil, že nic v paláci se nesmí ztratit, kdyby to mělo být třeba jen stéblo trávy. Aby se přesvědčil, že jeho slova se stala skutkem, položil na stůl v paláci několik stébel trávy a nechal je denně přepočítávat. Říkalo se tomu „stéblo trávy jako vzor“. Po celá ta léta, co jsem žil v paláci, leželo těch šestatřicet suchých stébel stále ještě v Síni pěstění mysli v malé nádobce z cloissoné. Ta hr Všechno v Zakázaném městě pro mě bylo názornou učební pomůckou. Říká se, že císař Čchien-lung kdysi stanovil, že nic v paláci se nesmí ztratit, kdyby to mělo být třeba jen stéblo trávy. Aby se přesvědčil, že jeho slova se stala skutkem, položil na stůl v paláci několik stébel trávy a nechal je denně přepočítávat. Říkalo se tomu „stéblo trávy jako vzor“. Po celá ta léta, co jsem žil v paláci, leželo těch šestatřicet suchých stébel stále ještě v Síni pěstění mysli v malé nádobce z cloissoné. Ta hromádka suché trávy ve mně kdysi budila nekonečný obdiv k tomuto mému předku, a současně i bezmezný hněv a pohrdání vůči Sinchajské revoluci. Neuvědomoval jsem si, že z těch suchých stébel, která tu zůstala po Čchien-lungovi, neubylo sice ani jediné, zato ze země porostlé čerstvou trávou, z té země, kterou tento veliký císař zanechal svým potomkům, ukrajují „spřátelené mocnosti" kousek po kousku tisíce čtverečních mil. Plýtvání na císařském dvoře nelze už dnes přesně vyčíslit. Z materiálů sestavených Palácovou správou vyplývá, že ve čtvrtém roce Republiky (1915) dosáhly výdaje dvora víc jak 2 790 000 liangů, a i když se v následujících třech letech neustále snižovaly, představovaly nakonec stále ještě 1 890 000 liangů. S mlčenlivým souhlasem republikánských předáků vedla nepatrná skupinka lidí se mnou v čele dál svůj dřívější honosný a příživnický život, živený potem a krví prostých lidí.

  10. 4 out of 5

    Sunhawk

    A study of what happens when an ordinary human is thrust into a tempestuous life. Pu Yi is a colorless, ambition-free, mediocre non-entity who happens to be endowed with the position of importance. As such, he is the poster child for the inadvisability of hereditary power. I struggled to finish the book, even had to take a Robert Crais break in the middle to regain my interest. Pu's story takes place during times of great change in China -- the rottenness of dying empire, Japanese occupation and A study of what happens when an ordinary human is thrust into a tempestuous life. Pu Yi is a colorless, ambition-free, mediocre non-entity who happens to be endowed with the position of importance. As such, he is the poster child for the inadvisability of hereditary power. I struggled to finish the book, even had to take a Robert Crais break in the middle to regain my interest. Pu's story takes place during times of great change in China -- the rottenness of dying empire, Japanese occupation and Sino-Soviet bickering, the Second World War, and the rise of Chinese Communism. In his limp-wristed prose, Pu describes the dissolution of empire, his time as a puppet emperor, and his surprisingly gentle "remolding and reeducation" at the hands of the Chinese communists. I cannot recommend the book, even though it yields some insight into a common thread in our popular culture: the human tragedy of a mismatch between talent and character.

  11. 5 out of 5

    Tha De

    Provided a historical background and anecdotes from the Emperor himself. Sadly, the book, in many ways, turned out to be a CCP propaganda.

  12. 4 out of 5

    Bettie

    (view spoiler)[ Bettie's Books (hide spoiler)] (view spoiler)[ Bettie's Books (hide spoiler)]

  13. 5 out of 5

    Rhea

    Henry Pu Yi. Lahir tanggal 7 Feb 1906 dan diangkat menjadi kaisar pada tanggal 13 Nov 1908. Tanggal 12 Feb 1912 janda permaisuri Lung Yu mengumumkan penurunan tahta Pu Yi. Pu Yi adalah kaisar yang berkuasa hanya selama 3 tahun tanpa adanya kesadaran yang nyata akan situasi politik . Setelah kedaulatan pemerintahan China berganti menjadi Republik, Pu Yi masih diperbolehkan melanjutkan kehidupan di istana yang disebut dengan Kota Terlarang dan mempertahankan tradisi kerajaan. Hal ini tertuang dalam Henry Pu Yi. Lahir tanggal 7 Feb 1906 dan diangkat menjadi kaisar pada tanggal 13 Nov 1908. Tanggal 12 Feb 1912 janda permaisuri Lung Yu mengumumkan penurunan tahta Pu Yi. Pu Yi adalah kaisar yang berkuasa hanya selama 3 tahun tanpa adanya kesadaran yang nyata akan situasi politik . Setelah kedaulatan pemerintahan China berganti menjadi Republik, Pu Yi masih diperbolehkan melanjutkan kehidupan di istana yang disebut dengan Kota Terlarang dan mempertahankan tradisi kerajaan. Hal ini tertuang dalam “perjanjian kelakuan baik”. Di abad 20, sementara yang lainnya bisa menikmati gaya hidup modern, Pu Yi terus menghirup udara abad ke-19 dan sebelumnya. Selama masa kecilnya, dia masih diperlakukan seperti layaknya seorang raja. Dia terbiasa dipanggil Yang Mulia, Baginda dan terbiasa pula menghadapi orang berlutut dihadapannya, tak peduli orang itu lebih tua atau lebih muda darinya. Hal ini menjadikan dia bersikap berlebihan dan egois. Ketika dia akan makan, Pu Yi hanya tinggal mengatakan “sediakan makanan pilihan”. Maka kasim di dekatnya akan mengulangi kalimat tersebut, para pengawal yang menjaga istana yang dia tempati akan meneruskannya dan mereka yang berada di luar akan mengulanginya dan seterusnya sampai akhirnya kata itu mencapai ruangan makanan pilihan kerajaan di jalan barat kota terlarang. Bayangkan jika Pu Yi mengatakan kalimat panjang dengan kasim yang mempunyai daya ingat seperti *uhuk* aki-aki, jangan-jangan nasib kalimat itu seperti nasib kalimat pada kopdar GRI ke-4 kemarin. Pu Yi hanya diijinkan berjalan-jalan di kota terlarang, setiap dia berjalan-jalan rombongan kasim akan mengikutinya. Bagai sebuah parade. Disaat dia ingin berkunjung ke tempat di luar kota terlarang, dia tidak hanya membutuhkan 10 mobil untuk menampung semua rombongan, tetapi juga harus meminta polisi republik untuk menempatkan penjaga untuknya dan menjaga jalanan untuk melindunginya. Betapa repotnya. Johnston tutor Pu Yi berkebangsaan Skotlandia mempunyai peran penting dalam pertumbuhan Pu Yi. Johnston telah memperlihatkan Pu Yi peradapan barat dan merangsang rasa penasaran jiwa mudanya. Pu Yi yang mulai beranjak remaja merasa dunianya sangat sempit. Dia ingin merasakan kebebasan hingga dia memiliki rencana untuk kabur dari istana yang sayangnya rencana ini gagal total. Setelah Jepang kalah, Pu Yi ditahan oleh tentara Soviet selama 5 tahun hingga akhirnya dia dikembalikan kepada pihak China dan dipenjara selama 10 tahun kemudian di sana. Perjalanan Pu Yi yang tidak mudah dari mulai dielu-elukan hingga dia menjadi bual-bualan teman-teman sell nya ketika dalam penjara. Membaca buku ini membuat saya merasa marah, sedih, kasihan, kagum dan senang secara bersamaan. Marah karena sikap Pu Yi sebagai kaisar yang semena-mena dan kejam Sedih karena sikap keluarga Pu Yi yang berbalik memusuhinya dan menjauhinya Kasihan karena Pu Yi yang sedari kecil tak pernah melakukan pekerjaan sepele hingga membuat dia sulit beradaptasi ketika di penjara yang semuanya harus dikerjakan sendiri. Kagum karena akhirnya Pu Yi mengakui semua kesalahannya Senang karena pemberian grasi khusus dan dia dibebaskan dari penjara dan menjalani hidup seperti rakyat biasa. Sekaligus, buku ini menambah pengetahuan saya akan sejarah China. Btw, buku ini termasuk buku “mutu” kah? Ah, masa bodoh buku ini bermutu atau tidak, yang penting saya dapat menikmati ketika membacanya.

  14. 5 out of 5

    Fanda Kutubuku

    Buku yang perlu kau baca dalam hidupmu! Memang buku ini bukanlah buku yang akan membuatmu terkesima atau excited. Bahkan boleh dibilang kadang-kadang menbosankan. Namun, selain kita bisa belajar sejarah darinya, sosok Henry Pu-Yi mengajarkan banyak hal tentang kehidupan pada kita. Kau akan dibuat kagum padanya, sebuah contoh bahwa kelemahan kita bisa dikalahkan oleh kemauan keras kita untuk memperbaikinya. Review lengkapnya ada disini: http://bukufanda.blogspot.com/2011/04... Buku yang perlu kau baca dalam hidupmu! Memang buku ini bukanlah buku yang akan membuatmu terkesima atau excited. Bahkan boleh dibilang kadang-kadang menbosankan. Namun, selain kita bisa belajar sejarah darinya, sosok Henry Pu-Yi mengajarkan banyak hal tentang kehidupan pada kita. Kau akan dibuat kagum padanya, sebuah contoh bahwa kelemahan kita bisa dikalahkan oleh kemauan keras kita untuk memperbaikinya. Review lengkapnya ada disini: http://bukufanda.blogspot.com/2011/04...

  15. 5 out of 5

    Gabriel Gapas

    I found the book quite comforting in the long run than watching the movie. Unfortunately, I'm not a fan of Chinese history, so that actually affected my rating. Still, it is fun to discover the life of the last emperor. I hope all societies will learn from Pu Yi's life. I found the book quite comforting in the long run than watching the movie. Unfortunately, I'm not a fan of Chinese history, so that actually affected my rating. Still, it is fun to discover the life of the last emperor. I hope all societies will learn from Pu Yi's life.

  16. 4 out of 5

    Joy

    This is interesting - I read it for a class back in the 80's. This is interesting - I read it for a class back in the 80's.

  17. 5 out of 5

    Clem

    When I clicked “buy” on this one, I didn’t read the description as carefully as I should have. I was wanting a biography. This is an AUTObiography. Big difference. Fortunately, although not what I was wanting, this was a very satisfying read. The last emperor of China has a lot of potent, powerful history surrounding his reign, his removal, his imprisonment, and his eventual freedom. I never saw the popular (1988?) movie, but heard it was very good. After reading this, I definitely want to watch When I clicked “buy” on this one, I didn’t read the description as carefully as I should have. I was wanting a biography. This is an AUTObiography. Big difference. Fortunately, although not what I was wanting, this was a very satisfying read. The last emperor of China has a lot of potent, powerful history surrounding his reign, his removal, his imprisonment, and his eventual freedom. I never saw the popular (1988?) movie, but heard it was very good. After reading this, I definitely want to watch it at some point. Since this book is an autobiography, most of the historical turmoil surrounding the life of Henry Pu Li is not really dwelled upon within the pages. The emperor, as you might imagine, lives in his own isolated world; surrounded by ivory carvings, expensive jewelry, and hundreds (if not thousands) of servants to cater to his every need and whim. Why should such an individual care about what happens beyond the palace walls as long as he’s allowed to live as tradition dictates? Especially when he’s basically still a child. So we read about his whole life, yet most of the early episodes deal with things most others could never dream. We read about how meals are prepared, how the young emperor is fascinated with watching ants climb trees, how he picks his empress bride (and concubines) from photographs, and how the entire nation is subjugated towards him when they’re in his presence. It’s incredibly difficult if you’re one of the young emperor’s tutors when he would rather watch ants than study. God help you if you’re his tutor and you say something like “you must focus on your studies, your highness, instead of watching insects”. This leads me to point out that we also see a cruel side to the young ruler. We constantly read about how he has his eunuch servants flogged if they show the slightest bit of discourtesy towards him. If the floggers aren’t flogging hard enough, they themselves run the risk of being flogged as well. Because of the political turmoil within China, the eventual invasion of Japan (leading to his imprisonment in the USSR), and the Communist takeover of China, we do read an awful lot of internal strife and conflict, yet strangely, the emperor’s ‘captivity’ never really seems that severe. We read nothing at all about things such as gulag-like tortures that communist prisons are known for throughout history. His imprisonment (both in Russia and China) seems rather mild. Of course, being that this is an autobiography, you have to wonder if many of his reflections in this autobiography were heavily censored. That, or the fact that maybe he really was ‘brainwashed’ during his captivity. He seems to concede awfully easily how his reign and history is a farcical sham, and he seems to praise the new communist leaders of his country rather liberally. On a negative note, there’s an awful lot of Sino names within this autobiography, and it was awfully difficult for my Western brain to assimilate and keep track of the different people. It seemed there were at least a dozen different individuals named either ‘Chan’ or ‘Chen’. Then, as other reviewers have pointed out, there’s quite a bit of punctuation errors and misspellings here as well. My guess is that this is probably due to the transition of this book to electronic format. Still, though, it only makes a complicated endeavor that much worse. Although I still wish I would have read something more geared towards the actual history of the particular time and places, I still felt that this book was very well written, and a quite different change of pace. I mean, how many autobiographies have you read where the person telling the story doesn’t know what a hair dryer is? Or how to get on a public bus? Or how to even open a door?

  18. 4 out of 5

    Realini

    The Last Emperor, Bernardo Bertolucci The Last Emperor is actually… not the last. Notwithstanding the fact that China is officially a republic and a communist one at that, it is still governed with imperial pretense. In other words, Xi has imperial powers, which are not unusual for communist regimes, as 1984 can attest. As a former inhabitant of such a “piece of communist heaven”, far away from China though, I can talk about the despondency of these regimes. These imperial leaders indulge in reverie The Last Emperor, Bernardo Bertolucci The Last Emperor is actually… not the last. Notwithstanding the fact that China is officially a republic and a communist one at that, it is still governed with imperial pretense. In other words, Xi has imperial powers, which are not unusual for communist regimes, as 1984 can attest. As a former inhabitant of such a “piece of communist heaven”, far away from China though, I can talk about the despondency of these regimes. These imperial leaders indulge in reveries about this being the Paradise on earth promised by religions and accomplished by… The likes of Che Guevara, Mao and the rest of The Wild Bunch Communist empires are much more lugubrious than any of the systems they replace, Mao and Stalin have each killed many more than Hitler, an aspect of history that is too often alas forgotten. Hitler was a mass killer, lunatic, insufferable and a monster, but so were, if not worse, the communist counterparts. Yet, stern as reality was and is young people and leaders in the west harbor illusory images of communist paradise. Men like Corbin and Melenchon indulge in dangerous illusions, divine preposterous scenarios disconsidering the communist massacres. Therefore, The Last Emperor of the film is in comparison a real benign figure and a Role Model when placed near Mao. The system had flaws of course. One would be not just retrograde and fundamentalist to invoke and harbor visions of new empires. Yet that is exactly what the undersigned is doing. I long for (aspects of) the Victorian British Empire. The civilized China of this age, without the Emperor, has a Xi who is ready to wage war against Taiwan. In fact, they will surely threaten and then attack the island, in just a few decades from now, if the Taiwanese do not give in. Which they will not. China is creating artificial islands in the South China Sea that they have long now considered as something of a Chines lake. They bully neighbors, have stolen secrets from companies, which they anyway force to capitulate when they enter their market. This is what one might think about while pondering the themes of The Last Emperor, which is a resplendent film. The hero can be of course derided for his many flaws, but I think the predominant feeling is one of pity. That sounds strange, given that this was an emperor, who had two wives and a multitude of servants. However, the emperor was trapped in the Forbidden City and he had to do so many things he did not want. As for the wives, well, they ended up by being more of a nuisance than a joy, after the initial unmistakable pleasure they offered. When the Japanese have occupied China, the emperor has been accused of betraying his country, which maybe he did. However, is it betrayal, when one is on the other side from a land that has become a murderous tyranny? Perhaps this is the thinking of a traitor, but if I were to choose between the communist country I had to live in and any of its democratic supposed enemies, I would not have hesitated for a second Hence, my sympathy is all for this Last Emperor, that the despicable communists have locked up. They have replaced him with a heinous, lamentable, lugubrious, indulgent, stern, derisive figure- Mao In addition, the Last Emperor to date is Xi, a man who would not control North Korea, bullies all those around…worse than leaders of empires from the old days.

  19. 4 out of 5

    Nancy Thormann

    This book was a challenge to get through not because it's poorly written, but because there's so much history to absorb. What struck me most about the book was that Pu Yi was just a pawn in the power struggle between Japan and China. There's a description of the book on the back cover - like there is with most books. There's a sentence in this description that says "This fascinating account not only depicts an empire in the throes of death and the zeal of a new-born regime, but also reveals the t This book was a challenge to get through not because it's poorly written, but because there's so much history to absorb. What struck me most about the book was that Pu Yi was just a pawn in the power struggle between Japan and China. There's a description of the book on the back cover - like there is with most books. There's a sentence in this description that says "This fascinating account not only depicts an empire in the throes of death and the zeal of a new-born regime, but also reveals the tragic story of a man who was a helpless subject of family and government turmoils and not really a ruler at all." This sentence describes Pu Yi's life perfectly. In a way, this is a sad story. Pu Yi became Emperor when he was two years old. He was told what to do and how to do it for most of his life. At one point - when the troubles between China and Japan began to escalate - he had to decide whether to stay in southern China ("below the wall") or move to northern China where the Japanese had a strong presence. He told a Japanese General that he was moving to northern China. The General asked him "was this your own idea?" For me, this was a telling question. Pu Yi was listening to everyone but himself and his own instincts. His own idea was going to Britain. At the end of the Second World War, he was arrested as a "war criminal" and spent 14 years in a prison of one kind or another. It was only while he was in prison that he was able to achieve some sort of freedom and independence.

  20. 4 out of 5

    Sam

    This is an interesting memoir in two volumes by the last Emperor of China, Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi, which apparently inspired the movie The Last Emperor. It should be remembered however that this autobiography was written not so much for the Chinese people (or even Pu Yi himself) but for the Chinese government as proof that Pu Yi had been successfully "re-educated". As such, it is littered with factual errors and unfair judgements about other members of the Imperial Family and court. It reads more as This is an interesting memoir in two volumes by the last Emperor of China, Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi, which apparently inspired the movie The Last Emperor. It should be remembered however that this autobiography was written not so much for the Chinese people (or even Pu Yi himself) but for the Chinese government as proof that Pu Yi had been successfully "re-educated". As such, it is littered with factual errors and unfair judgements about other members of the Imperial Family and court. It reads more as an apology to his captors rather than an informative discussion of his decisions as Emperor and his life outside of the Forbidden City. As good a read as this is, every chapter should be taken with a liberal pinch of salt but is perhaps essential reading for anybody interested in the Chinese Imperial system.

  21. 5 out of 5

    W

    The book was translated from Chinese and I have to say the translation was done really really badly. Though there is a disclaimer in the front to say that the original was even longer and that editing has been done to the English version I feel that not enough editing was done. The book is choppy at parts and can be disjointed at times. It was a struggle to finish the book but I did so as curiosity got the better of me. It is afterall a book written by the Last Emperor of China and does give you The book was translated from Chinese and I have to say the translation was done really really badly. Though there is a disclaimer in the front to say that the original was even longer and that editing has been done to the English version I feel that not enough editing was done. The book is choppy at parts and can be disjointed at times. It was a struggle to finish the book but I did so as curiosity got the better of me. It is afterall a book written by the Last Emperor of China and does give you a peek behind the scenes of life in the Forbidden Palace. The ending was a bit too flattering to the Chinese government but that is to be expected as the book probably wouldn't have been published otherwise. Perhaps I should try to find the Chinese version and just read the parts about life in Forbidden Palace.

  22. 5 out of 5

    Frances L. Spradlin

    This is a fascinating look at an emperor who is "reformed" into an ordinary citizen. But, read the epilogue to really understand the importance of this man to even the Chinese Communists. Great details of life in the Forbidden City and life in the Chinese Communist prison. I felt a bit sad that this man was never taught simple tasks such as buttoning a shirt or tying his shoes, as these things were always done for him in the palace into his adulthood. Nor, did he receive an education that was in This is a fascinating look at an emperor who is "reformed" into an ordinary citizen. But, read the epilogue to really understand the importance of this man to even the Chinese Communists. Great details of life in the Forbidden City and life in the Chinese Communist prison. I felt a bit sad that this man was never taught simple tasks such as buttoning a shirt or tying his shoes, as these things were always done for him in the palace into his adulthood. Nor, did he receive an education that was in the least bit informative of life outside the palace.

  23. 5 out of 5

    Vincent Hernot

    Not always the easiest of read, simply because of the context, the difficulty of following alliances between groups, people etc. Not always the most trust-worthy read, either, evidently, as this seems to have been written on demand by those holding him in their power. But still extremely interesting, both for the picture of his life before his fall from power, and after. Overall it reads well (stylistically), is full of details and insights: good one.

  24. 4 out of 5

    Tvrtko Balić

    This is a great book about an interesting life within the context of a time in Chinese history that is just as interesting. I think anyone can enjoy it no matter their interests or political beliefs, there is probably something in here that will effect you in some way, that will make you think and that you will enjoy. I would definitely recommend it to anyone who is even remotely interested in it for whatever reason.

  25. 5 out of 5

    Asaria

    This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. Disclaimer: I hate WW1 and WW2 period China is a country I am completely in love with. Therefore, the beginning, when Pu Yi describes his live in The Forbidden City, court intrigues, Empress Cixi and so on, I was enjoying the most. Then come WWI, and WW2, and then the last chapters that read like piece of propaganda. One reviewer said he felt like above the author's arm was looming the shadow of aparatchik, I agree with that. Pu Yi seems to be someone who goes with flow and will do everything to Disclaimer: I hate WW1 and WW2 period China is a country I am completely in love with. Therefore, the beginning, when Pu Yi describes his live in The Forbidden City, court intrigues, Empress Cixi and so on, I was enjoying the most. Then come WWI, and WW2, and then the last chapters that read like piece of propaganda. One reviewer said he felt like above the author's arm was looming the shadow of aparatchik, I agree with that. Pu Yi seems to be someone who goes with flow and will do everything to better his lot.

  26. 5 out of 5

    Elaine

    This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. It started so well, it really caught my attention, make me want to know more, but as the story develops I started to see a lot of unnecessary details and information. To be sincere it wasn't what I was expecting, and the end was so plain it didn't leave me a good impression. But I certainly learned a lot of china 🇨🇳, by my own research in base of the book. It started so well, it really caught my attention, make me want to know more, but as the story develops I started to see a lot of unnecessary details and information. To be sincere it wasn't what I was expecting, and the end was so plain it didn't leave me a good impression. But I certainly learned a lot of china 🇨🇳, by my own research in base of the book.

  27. 5 out of 5

    Kristijan Ahčin

    Explains a lot of thibgs rhe movie had no time to explain. It's an amazing life story. Pu Yi truly led a most unusal life. After being a prisoner of his court, the japanese, the russians and the chinese, he became a loyal, if brainwashed, subject of PR of China and "representative". His life must have been onevof the more intensive expiriences in living. Explains a lot of thibgs rhe movie had no time to explain. It's an amazing life story. Pu Yi truly led a most unusal life. After being a prisoner of his court, the japanese, the russians and the chinese, he became a loyal, if brainwashed, subject of PR of China and "representative". His life must have been onevof the more intensive expiriences in living.

  28. 5 out of 5

    Shin

    He was the emperor, and he was the prisoner, and he was living as a “man” in the people republic of China. At least, I could learn “Even we had bad experiences, but sometime really little thing makes us happy even the emperor can not get the peace of mind” from his book.

  29. 5 out of 5

    Benjamin

    a bit short and superficial for such a unique perspective, and influenced by his censors

  30. 5 out of 5

    Syazwan Jacob

    Love every piece of it. As well as Twilight in the Forbidden City

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